EVALUATION OF BACTERIAL AND FERTILITY STATUS OF RAWALPINDI CULTIVATED SOIL WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON FLUORIDE CONTENT

Main Article Content

Haroon Ilahi
Fazli Wahid
Rafi Ullah
Muhammad Adnan
Jehangir Ahmad
Muhammad Azeem
Ijaz Amin
Hazrat Amin

Abstract

Soil contains variety of the microscopic organism (bacteria, virus and fungi) and chemical compounds
(organic and inorganic). This research work focus to calculate the physical and chemical parameter of the
agriculture soil of selected land of Rawalpindi with addition to prokaryotes. Different methods were followed to
assess the physiochemical characteristics. Further isolated bacteria were identified by gram staining,
microscopy and different biochemical tests. Findings of this research revealed that the pH was neutral which
indicate the low availability of the nutrients for plants, apart from this all other physiochemical properties were
in lower limits. Besides this fluorine ion were in range allotted by the WHO, but fluorine in the 0-21cm was
more abundant than deeper layer (22-41). In targeted areas the site one has the higher concentration of the
fluorine ion as compared to all other sites. In bacterial fauna Gram + bacteria were dominant in which
predominant species was Arthrobacter. Current study concluded that using of the fertilizer can enhance the soil
fertility hence the production but with strong check and balance on the fluorine ion to prevent any serious future
consequences.

Article Details

How to Cite
Haroon Ilahi, Fazli Wahid, Rafi Ullah, Muhammad Adnan, Jehangir Ahmad, Muhammad Azeem, Ijaz Amin, & Hazrat Amin. (2020). EVALUATION OF BACTERIAL AND FERTILITY STATUS OF RAWALPINDI CULTIVATED SOIL WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON FLUORIDE CONTENT. International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Research, 6(3), 177-183. Retrieved from https://ijaaer.com/ojs/index.php/ijaaer/article/view/322
Section
Agricultural Sciences
Author Biographies

Haroon Ilahi

Department of Agriculture (Soil Sciences) University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

Fazli Wahid

Department of Agriculture (Soil Sciences) University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

Rafi Ullah

Department of Agriculture (Soil Sciences) University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

Muhammad Adnan

Department of Agriculture (Soil Sciences) University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

Jehangir Ahmad

Department of Agriculture (Soil Sciences) University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

Muhammad Azeem

Department of Agriculture (Soil Sciences) University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

Ijaz Amin

Department of Agriculture (Soil Sciences) University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

Hazrat Amin

Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan