Main Article Content
Seed sanitary quality is an essential factor in crop success, and through the
evaluation of fungi contamination of seeds, measures can be adopted to control
and avoid the transferability of this contamination to the plants. This study's
objective was to identify the genera of fungi present in lots of chia seeds, define
the best period for their evaluation and its transmissibility to the plantlet. Eight
lots from saved seeds of chia were analyzed into two evaluations at seven and 14
days of incubation via the Blotter test method, in which fungi were identified by
their reproductive structure using a stereomicroscope. Besides, the
transmissibility rate from seed to plantlet of the most incident fungus was
evaluated, through the direct isolation method. All estimated seed lots of chia
showed fungi contamination, with emphasis on Fusarium sp., Phomopsis sp.,
Penicillium sp., and Aspergillus sp. The best evaluation period to Phomopsis sp.
its at 14 days of incubation by the Blotter test method. The genus Fusarium sp.
presents a high transmissibility rate from seed to plantlet.